Case study methodology in educational research

Library goals as responses to structural milieu requirements: Yin also proposes that a case study can include single or multiple cases, can be limited to quantitative evidence and should address the traditional concerns about case studies: Harmful practices such as early marriage and pregnancy, gender-based violence, and discriminatory education lawspolicies, contents and practices still prevent millions of girls from enrolling, completing and benefitting from education.

This report presents a synthesis of the case studies, their findings and recommendations. In this regard, he also points out that researchers need to pay careful attention to misperceptions by using protocols and the triangulation method to ensure validity to the case study.

All the three schools of thought emphasise human interaction with phenomena in their daily lives, and suggest qualitative rather than quantitative approach to social inquiry. Key cases Outlier cases Local knowledge cases Whatever the frame of reference for the choice of the subject of the case study key, outlier, local knowledgethere is a distinction to be made between the subject and the object of the case study.

A Living Educational Theory (Living Theory) Approach to Research and Life

An example of a similar text written for the social sciences, including education that is dedicated only to quantitative research, is Gliner, et al. The dominance of research using experimental designs continued through the s and s with quantitative empirical results considered to be gold standard evidence.

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Another technique is to use multiple investigators to gain the advantage provided when a variety of perspectives and insights examine the data and the patterns. Cross-Cultural Education Cross-Cultural Education CCE places the student in an unfamiliar context through various educational settings including, but not limited to, academic and theological coursework, independent study and immersion encounters.

In the sections that follow, the nature of this complexity in explored. Additional relevant documentation, such as financial statements, time-lines, and short biographies, often referred to in the case study as exhibits, and multimedia supplements such as video-recordings of interviews with the case subject often accompany the case studies.

The following list discusses the potential benefits and limitations associated with using case study research methods: There are two common purposes in educational evaluation which are, at times, in conflict with one another.

Based on the above questions, the researcher can identify whether the research questions pertain to positivism, anti-positivism, and critical theory; and choose the appropriate methodology accordingly.

A technical interest concerned with the control of the physical environment, which generates empirical and analytical knowledge. Popper himself used the now famous example: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches.

Throughout the design phase, researchers must ensure that the study is well constructed to ensure construct validity, internal validity, external validity, and reliability. The researcher instead decides to survey all Board members of the selected organizations using a questionnaire as a third data gathering tool.

Focused, short, repeat interviews may be necessary to gather additional data to verify key observations or check a fact. Here, anthropologists practiced their methods on university cultures or by conducting lengthy case studies involving field-based observations of groups with the aim of understanding their social and cultural lives CRESWELL et al.

Hence human beings are dehumanized without their intention, individualism and freedom taken into account in viewing and interpreting social reality. We invite researchers, academicians and worldwide scientists to share their research for the global enlightenment and benefit of academic community on an open access platform for one and all.

STAKEan educational psychologist with an interest in developing program evaluation methods, used a constructivist orientation to case study.

While objectivity is a goal, YIN also recognizes the descriptive and interpretive elements of case study. The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed.

Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Positivism which emphasizes objectivist approach to studying social phenomena gives importance to research methods focusing on quantitative analysis, surveys, experiments and the like.


These examine one or more sites either for the purpose of examining a situation of unique interest with little to no interest in generalization, or to call into question a highly generalized or universal assertion.

In all cases, the researcher treats the evidence fairly to produce analytic conclusions answering the original "how" and "why" research questions.

They are commonly used to collect in-depth data in a natural setting where the researcher has little or no control over the events and there is a real life context. Pragmatic constructivist MERRIAM maintains a constructivist approach to case study research, whereby the researcher assumes that reality is constructed intersubjectively through meanings and understandings developed socially and experientially.

This module describes the case study method of descriptive research and its uses. Over the last 50 years, case study has been re-established as a credible, valid research design that facilitates the exploration of complex issues.

Three Approaches to Descriptive Research.

Case study

The case study method, with its use of multiple data collection methods and analysis techniques, provides researchers with opportunities to triangulate data in order to strengthen the research findings and conclusions.

Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method.

In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions. Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method.

These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences. Module: Selection of the Research Paradigm and Methodology.

Dr. Nirod K. Dash, IGNOU. Educational research is essentially concerned with exploring and understanding social phenomena which are educational in nature, mainly pertaining to formalized and/or spontaneously occurring social, cultural, psychological processes which could be termed as education.

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Introduction. The field of education has embraced quantitative research designs since early in the 20th century. The foundation for these designs was based primarily in the psychological literature, and psychology and the social sciences more generally continued to have a strong influence on quantitative designs until the assimilation of qualitative designs in the s and s.

Case study methodology in educational research
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